Bonsai trees

The European beech

Latin name

Fagus sylvatica

Common name

European beech


This beech is an European species which is grown for the wood industry primarily and for its appearance secondarily unless grown by private individuals for their own use or for bonsai training. Because of this reason, beeches are planted as forests in many cases. European beech belongs to a group of tree species that are extremely slow growing because of this the beech bonsais intended for exhibitions require long care and many years of patience. The adult appearance of the european beech can only be achieved years after other species of bonsai have reached their adult stage. Why do bonsai growers use this species of tree if it takes so long to reach its adult stage, when grown its appearance far dominates the appearance of many other species of bonsai tree making the extra wait worthwhile as long as it receives the care required to produce a classy specimen.




Light: It is recommended to position the european beech in bright and sunny places but do not leave it in direct sunlight, midsummer it is advised to move the tree into a more shady position. Additionally, young trees should be protected against strong winds.

Temperature and exposure

The European beech is suitable for outdoor keeping during entire year. However, make sure you protect roots against freezing colds (under 0°C) during Winter. A mulch can be applied to give the roots some protection and the tree can also be surrounded in horticultural fleece during the coldest spells in the winter. Another alternative is to move the tree into an unheated greenhouse.

Pruning and forming

iNew branches can be trimmed back in early spring and inward growing twigs can be removed, the branches can be taken right back to the last two leaf nodes. Larger leaves can be trimmed anytime during the growing season. We do not recommend you to cut all leaves at once.

Soil and replanting

Replant the tree once per two years until it becomes 10 years old. After 10 years of age, replant it according to it's needs (space, minerals in the soil, etc.). Use soil which consists of one part of argillaceous rock, 2 parts of peat, and 2 parts of sand or granulate clay.

Watering and fertilization

Water the tree daily during the growing season. Don't water the leaves if the tree is placed in direct sunlight, otherwise they will burn. Winter season isn't so demanding on watering, but don't forget to water it from time to time (once per week for example). Never allow the roots to completely dry out. Start fertilizing the tree one month after it produces leafs; once per 2 weeks.


Through seeds during Autumn or stratification during Spring.


The upright style, bevelled, double-base, barge, and the forest style; They all are suitable for European beech species. Larger leafs are suitable for larger trees sizes.


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