Bonsai trees

The Juniper bonsai

Latin name

Juniperus rigida

Common name



This tree is very popular in Japan and has gentle needles.The female tree produces cones which are green in the beginning but as they dry out they change to a brown colouration and of course the cones contain the seeds for propagation. Fruits mature over a two year period. Naturally, the assumption of reproduction is that the male tree grows near the female tree during the season of flowering.

These have to be one the most popular species as the branches can have great flexibility for wiring and they are slow growing living to a great age which can run into hundreds of years in their natural habitat.




Light: Keep the tree in a sunny place but move them to shadier areas when the midday sun at the height of summer becomes very strong. They are sometimes referred to as indoor bonsai but this will normally finish with the tree dying off after a few months due to the humidity level and they do require to undergo a dormant stage in the winter months. It may not be apparent that the tree is actually dying initially as the foliage can maintain its colouration for quite a while.

Temperature and exposure

Temperature shouldn't be lower than 0°C during Winter seasons.

Pruning and forming

You must white-out the tree in order to give the tree light to the trunk and to allow air circulation in the tree. Otherwise twigs could die. Remove ends of new sprouts during the growing period.

Soil and replanting

Use good pervious soil. Use soil which consists of 1 part of ordinary soil, 3 parts of peat, 2 parts of sand or granulate clay. Replant young trees (up to 10 years of age) once per two years. Replant older trees once each 5 years.

Watering and fertilization

It's necessary to water the bonsai on a daily basis. Make sure that the bonsai soil is only kept moist at all times, even though you are watering on a daily basis the roots can develop rot if too much water sits in the soil. Also, mist the needles, the needles can lose moisture in the summer which then puts a strain on the roots to keep the tree healthy. Fertilize it every week from Spring to beginning of Autumn season.


By seeds.


The Juniper bonsai is suitable for all styles except the fan style. It grows in all sizes.


This is a place for pictures of real Ficus bonsai trees. If you have any, send us them and they will be published with your copyright and link to your site if necessary.

Juniper bonsai, image 1

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