Bonsai trees

The Silver Birch Bonsai

Latin name

Betula pendula

Common name

Silver Birch


The tree's trunk is white and silver with black warts and smaller branches. The branches grow up, but the ends of the branches droop slightly to give an even better display of the beautifully formed leaves that have a triangular appearance with a serrated edge to them. Leaves grow converse on the opposite sides just after the blossoming in April and May and they are triangle shaped. In the fall their green colour turn into yellow and orange. The birch tree in its natural form can be found in many places as they are extremely popular, they are often found in public parks and suchlike having such a great appearance.


outdoor (all bonsai trees except indoor specimens)


Light: It needs lightly place, but it should not overheat during hot days. They do enjoy sunny periods but during intense sunny spells in mid-summer they should be moved to shady areas at times to protect them from the intense heat.

Temperature and exposure

It tolerates European winter temperatures, but it should be planted in the garden or in a bigger box and should be protected from freezing temperatures by a mulch around the base of the tree or by the use of a suitable horticultural fleece.

Pruning and forming

The larger cuttings have to be treated, because they can easily get an infection. When first making the cutting they will excrete copious amounts of sap that needs to be stopped by the use of a suitable sealant to block any further loss.If you want to have a natural looking tree, the younger branches should be wired down. Always take care when using wires that they do not dig into the bark as this can cause permanent damage, the use of small pieces of cladding around the wire should prevent this whilst the wires are in place.Ends of the bonsai are not so heavy, so they are not falling down.

Soil and replanting

Silver Birch don't have any special demand on the soil, but excess of the water should leak out of the pot. You should replant and cut down the roots in spring. Replant the young trees every two years but as the trees mature re-potting is not so frequent and should only be undertaken as and when required.

Watering and fertilization

It should be watered enough with water from the water-supply, or with a combination of water from the pipe and rain water. Just add enough water to keep the medium moist and never drown the tree with too much water. Once the first traces of water drip from the bottom of the pot you will know that the potting medium is moist all of the way through.You should fertilize it every two weeks from April to September.


It could be grown from the seed, or by cuttings.


This Birch can by used for all of the Japanese styles.


This is a place for pictures of real Ficus bonsai trees. If you have any, send us them and they will be published with your copyright and link to your site if necessary.

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