Bonsai trees

The Trident Maple

Latin name

Acer Buergerianum

Common name

The Trident Maple


The Trident maple is quite a popular choice with Bonsai enthusiasts, not only for it’s stunning looks but also because of its sturdiness even with severe pruning.This tree displays a brown trunk when young but as it ages the scales of the bark may drop revealing a more orange colouration. The leaves have a unique three lobe pattern compared to other 5 lobed species and these change colour through the seasons. Initially they start out with a reddish colouration but this changes to a green and in the autumn (fall) they take on a orange to dark red colouration.


outdoor (all bonsai trees except indoor specimens)


Light: The Trident maple requires a lot of light and sun but in the intense heat of a sunny afternoon they should be moved to a shady area until the sun sets.

Temperature and exposure

If the bonsai is on the balcony and the temperature is below -5°C, or it is planted in the garden and the temperature is below -10°C, it needs to be covered properly. The root system should be protected with a much or even wrap horticultural fleece around the whole tree.

Pruning and forming

The best option is to cut the tree in spring, because the wounds heal better. In the other time of the year just cut the ends of the outgrowths. The shoots can be cut back to the first two leaves for a bushier growth and the same effect can also be achieved by pruning back the top of the tree to encourage more growth in the lower stems.

Soil and replanting

The soil should be permeable. Replant every 2 or 3 years. It is advised to re-pot the tree just prior to the growing season.

Watering and fertilization

This tree requires a lot of water. The water should contain small amount of salt. You should water it for example with rain water. The tree likes fertilization with liquid organic fertilizers. Even though this tree likes a lot of water it is best to make sure the potting medium is well drained and several waterings to keep the medium moist is far better than drowning the tree with one large watering.


It may be reproduced by seeds, but the easiest way is by outgrowths.


Mostly is used the upright style, the double-base style, the multi-base style, the tree on a rock style, but you might use other styles too.


This is a place for pictures of real Ficus bonsai trees. If you have any, send us them and they will be published with your copyright and link to your site if necessary.

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